Travnik is situated in the valley of the Lasva River and bordered by Vlasic Mountain to the north and Mount Vilenica to the south. The early Slav settlers gave little evidence of their presence until 500 years after their arrival to the area around Travnik.
The valley reappeared in 1244, in terms of primary historical records, when the Hungarian King Bela IV gave one of his notables a piece of land in Lasva. By that time, the area was a feudal estate of the Bosnian state. Although remains from these centuries do not show the wealth the valley had known in Roman times, the era did have its share castles and mansions. The travnik Fortress was the most impressive fortress at the time, and still stands out as the best preserved of them all. This era gave Travnik its name. The Ottoman era renewed the glory of Travnik. It was the principal city and military centre of the Ottoman Empire. During Ottoman era, mosques, religious schools, roads, and water systems were built. They fortified the medieval fortress and built a mini-city within its high stone walls. For 150 years, the vizier - the Ottoman Sultans representative in Bosnia - had his headquarters in this town, attracting both consulates and trade. Travelers visiting Travnik in this era were impressed by the town and called it the European Istanbul and the most oriental town in Bosnia. Welcome to European Istanbul and feel glorious past.
The Travnik Fortress
The Travnik Fortress was the most impressive fortress at the time, and still stands out as the best preserved of them all. This era gave Travnik its name.
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